Sopa to Stop Online Piracy Act and Protect Intellectual Property for Pipa Act are two laws debate currently being debated in U.S. Congress (House and Senate). They representing the reinforced Hadopi the French equivalent. According to industry observers, their chance to take the stage of the project appear to be minimal. According to the newspaper Le Monde , "The list of SOPA and PIPA support to be reduced. The majors and Hollywood studios support these projects. Other important actors, such Goddady specializing in buying domain names, has flip-flopped after a brief but intense campaign to boycott. "We recall that such mobilizations, to a lesser extent, had already taken place in the framework of ACTA.
The change in the situation is partly the blackout of important sites such as Minecraft, a game site online, and Wikipedia. These sites whose audience is important all around the world, and also in the USA, participated in a show of force since Wednesday. 50,000 blogs have relayed the message, the online petition has collected more than four million signatures, and Marck Zuckerberg, founder of Facebook says on its Facebook page , information specified by the Nouvel Observateur , his opposition to these laws. On 20 January, in the evening, more than 500,000 people expressed their consent to this position rather uncommon for a person the size of Zuckerberg inclined to a form of consensuality and neutrophils policy.
Al "Megaupload" Capone
At the same time, the FBI , a sort of secret service within the U.S., stopped the founders of the site megaupload, famous landmark in the community downloaders (whose servers were partly in Hong Kong). In turn, an important set of sites using the services of this host videos, indicated cease operations supplies download links.
It would be unfair to call this fight, this war battle between pro-and anti-internet. The subject is more complex than that. It is primarily about money. Which will benefit the future: content producers (in this case the movie studios, TV shows, or video games) or aggregators such content (Google, Facebook, sites offering downloads).
The financial stakes may engage with a social issue of importance. Our society is at a turning point without a proper solution is given and satisfies all stakeholders.
A modern society can free itself to pay the most creative members? Difficult to say no. And this is the main argument of the proponents of SOPA and Popi, as was the case in France Hadopi. However, is that the solutions proposed, the fee-systematic, it is not only in line with consumer expectations, by definition, always asking for more while paying less, but also with patterns entrenched consumption and technological devices to get rid of the payment of fees.
The questions are revolutionary. Read here an interesting perspective on the site of France 24 . We feel a real opposition between supporters of the former company, the production is remunerated according to its effectiveness in the market, facing a modern society, where the provision of content of course, they or not they were paid at their fair value. And besides that brings this value ultimately: is the artist (the creator) out, people who allow the emergence of creativity, those which ensure potential découchés finally those who promote his work and guarantee a decent income with it? How much of these works back to the universality that makes this creation (any artist can shirk all marked, if only by inspiration, common things like the environment or past works).
These fundamental issues facing a company, in addition to questions about pursued by each other purposes.
A social issue
Facing the development of the Internet and its use by users to consume, but also to buzzer, criticize or indignation, as drugged by the opportunities given to them, the lines of physical boundaries seem very thin . Unable to control the character uses, governments may be tempted to monitor the extreme these potential threats to breeding companies (which is their primary purpose). The e hiatus lies well at this point : the opposition between two principles of law which are here contradictory between the freedom to act, speak, and the freedom to create.
The form of creativity that seems to be even more protean than in previous periods. One source considered individually, Leonardo da Vinci painting the Mona Lisa (but what is the portion attributable to the model in the work of the painter?), We move to a more collective form of the process of value creation.
The lobbying battle that lies ahead is extremely interesting to observe because it poses virtually universal questions.
The motion picture american Association (MPAA), the lobby of the film industry wants to launch a major communication campaign on the subject. However it seems that Anonymous, he had outdone by putting its website offside (at least January 20, 2012. 11:49 p.m., at which time I write this).
However, it has huge financial resources (proof that this industry continues to earn money). According Numérama : "The entertainment industry does not démordra. She wants to see into force the laws SOPA and PIPA in one form or another. And is willing to invest big bucks to get there. According to information compiled by the center for responsive politics ( Center for Responsive Politics ), a non-partisan NGOs quoted by Politico , more than $ 91 million was spent on lobbying in 2011.
However, it is much less than the $ 185 million spent in 2010 by the entertainment industry to defend its interests in Washington. The lobby of digital has, by comparison, mobilized "only" $ 15 million in 2010 and 15 in 2011. "
Only $ 15 million, but millions of activists.