The oil lobby carbide to save its influence

puitpetrole 300x233 Le lobby pétrolier carbure pour sauver son influence

In the last US presidential elections, contributors industrial oil and gas thus gave 2,359,000 dollars candidate John McCain and Democratic candidate to 0,832,000 Barack Obama . Amounts that are low by donations garnered by the two candidates, 1.1 billion in total. Other economic sectors , especially banks and other financial institutions, have largely contributed most to the financing of the presidential campaign that the sector of oil.


A former influence

The real influence of lobbies energy does not lie in their ability to finance the presidential campaign but rather to influence decision-making.

For years, the major oil firms from Western states were the property or under the supervision of their own states as oil supply was a strategic interest. We find in Russia, with Gazprom, and China, with China Oil, controlled by relatives of the governments of these countries, the same logic. It thus recalls the termination of deliveries of Russian gas to Ukraine for contractual reasons but also political. Several pipeline projects are now planned to bypass Ukraine and to overcome its geographic centrality for deliveries to Europe. Since its discovery, the oil is at the center of geopolitical interests as stated Eric Laurent, in his book "The hidden face of oil . " For its part, China is looking to expand its political influence zone in Africa to secure a share of its oil supplies.

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When the oil companies were under the direct control of the state shareholder, relations between the government and these companies were particularly easy and straightforward. Now that this link was distended, oil companies have engaged in lobbying campaigns to maintain their influence and remember how precious is their role in the economic development of a pay s. In France, it is the French Union of Petroleum Industries , which is responsible for spreading the word.

http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x469mh

The Halliburton symbol

Thus, one can rumble both Iraq wars motivated by economic reasons related to the supply of energy. In order to have a stable political regime in that country, the United States and its allies have committed their troops into that country under cover of the fight against the hegemonic temptation of Iraq in Kuwait in 1991 and the fight against terrorism 2003. From there see the only brand of the oil lobby there is a step that we do not cross in the absence of hard evidence of their unique responsibility. Still, strong links exist between the white house, moved by his falcons and oil interests.

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Map of Philippe Rekacewicz

Thus, Halliburton a conglomerate of companies related to the oil industry, changes its lobbying policy as soon as George Bush Junior, and especially Vice President Dick Cheney, former chairman of Halliburton, enter the white house from 2001. To believe that money becomes useless when we have direct levers of power. In many executives of Halliburton make a trip to the Republican administration or vice versa, links testimony held between the two organizations. Sarah Palin , the Republican candidate for the vice presidency was also linked to oil influence groups . It called especially as the Bush administration, openness to drill some areas of the Arctic.

A maneuver on the Kyoto Protocol

Nevertheless, the oil sector is subject to erratic variations that the gradual extinction of oil reserves, or rather the gradual extinction of the oil reserves in terms of cheap exploitation, do not explain. The oil market is subject to the law of supply and demand . Hence it depends on the state of global growth, sluggish today which explains the fall in oil prices in recent months, despite the willingness of producing countries meeting within the oil cartel OPEC what to cut production. The price level also depends on the level of reserves of each country and primarily the United States. Also between the price of oil on world markets and the price at the pump or to the tank, other tax mechanisms but also related to refining capacity are taken into account. And not to mention, derivatives of petroleum, plastics, some of which used daily by almost all the inhabitants of the planet.

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The peak of Hubbert

If the suspicions of influence weighing on the oil lobby during the wars in Iraq it is mainly on the evolution of international regulations on the emission of greenhouse gas that is mostly felt.

On the occasion of the negotiation of the Kyoto 1, the global agreement to reduce greenhouse gases, the world's largest emitter countries, the United States did not ratify the treaty. In fact, it becomes almost "obsolete". The Kyoto Protocol has established the market for pollution rights freely transferable on the market for the most virtuous and redeemable by those companies that pollute more than their emissions quota.

2 The Kyoto negotiations to be held in Denmark in December 2009 will be an opportunity for the oil lobby to gauge its influence greatly against-square by interest groups in the world of insurance, worried about the consequences of global change on humans and their income statements according to natural disasters suggest that raising the level of temperature and water on the planet.

Still, the oil lobby is not dead. The API, which includes most of the interests of the oil and natural gas continues to remember how the black gold is essential to the planet. "Oil and natural gas take us down the street and around the world. They warm and cool our homes and businesses. They Provide the ingredients for medicines, fertilizers, fabrics, plastics and products --other That Make Life Safer, Easier and better, "said the leaders of the organization. And thereby to try to slow the entry into application of regulatory measures adopted globally. A track and especially on the issue of the development of non-fossil fuels.

Note that the lobbying of oil inspires the entertainment industry. Canal Plus has released the first part of a long series devoted to the Arrow Oil, a petroleum company, little regard for environmental contingencies, which here is the trailer.

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Comments

  1. [...] This game of chess to 192 players, in the shadows, lobbies hydrocarbons, including the financial burden, and economic policy is essential, observe the debates. Their strategy is simple: observe the general state of mind [...]

  2. [...] During that time the Chinese also advance their pawns in DC. The US capital hosts many Chinese diplomatic advisers spread the word among US senators. With some success. A Washington Post article, echoed by Courrier International in the same delivery cited above, shows that where the early 90s, Beijing did not have that "one diplomat in charge of relations with Congress. (...) His service relationships with Congress now has a dozen diplomats, most of whom have studied at US universities, speak in perfect English and are knowledgeable about the local customs. " Starting with the Coca-Cola for breakfast and the practice of lobbying. China relies on firms Patton Boggs and Hogan and Hartson (1). The idea is to minimize the importance of the issues of human rights to focus more on economic issues. Second Market of American companies, after Canada, China and provides employment for several million US employees via imports of manufactured goods that go over increasing development of its internal market. What makes the parliamentarians to listen more carefully emissaries Beijing. Including when it comes to redemptions of US companies by Chinese companies. It does not work every time. As in 2005, said the Washington Post, which, despite $ 4 million in lobbying expenses, China National Oil Corporation fails his company US Unocal takeover attempt. Perhaps more due to fears of Chevron-Texaco, which eventually bought Unocal for a sum less than the proposal of China National Oil Corporation, for geo-political reasons. In the US, oil lobbies have considerable power. [...]

  3. [...] Dollars in 1998 to "promote their interests with parliamentarians." Industrial oil, electricity and mines spent $ 426 million in 2009 against 142 million [...]

  4. [...] Trying to pretend she was not directly responsible for the disaster, the oil company is going from bad to worse. Its market capitalization, despite a rise these last weeks, has [...]

  5. [...] Trying to pretend she was not directly responsible for the disaster, the oil company is going from bad to worse. Its market capitalization, despite a rise these last weeks, has [...]